HTML character encoding is the process of converting special characters and symbols into their corresponding HTML entities or character references. It ensures that special characters are displayed correctly in web browsers and do not interfere with the underlying HTML code.
HTML character encoding is important because it allows you to display reserved characters and symbols in HTML content without causing parsing or rendering issues. By using HTML entities, you can ensure that special characters are interpreted correctly by web browsers.
To encode special characters in HTML, you can use their corresponding HTML entities. For example, the less than symbol (<) can be encoded as <, the greater than symbol (>) as >, and the ampersand (&) as &. HTML character encoding tools can automate this process for you.